The Slovene coast which measures 46.6 kilometres is covered with abundant
vegetation. Here is a natural reserve with a rich supply of marl and sandstone
and the unique Strunjan cliff which ascends 80 metres above the sea and
is the highest flysch wall on the Adriatic coast. Here are the Sečovlje
saltworks, first mentioned in the 13th century. Due to their extremely abundant
natural and historical heritage they were named a regional park and are
a rich sanctuary of plant and animal worlds. They play a very important
role in the world of ornithology, because they offer ideal conditions for
birds due to the warm climate and abundance of food in the saltwork pools.
So about 200 bird species have been seen at the saltworks and they provide
a natural habitat for about 80 bird species which nest there.
The old seaport of Piran lies at the end of the Piran peninsula;
it was surrounded by walls in the Middle Ages
(200 metres of the city walls are still preserved). The whole town is protected
as a cultural and historical monument and it has preserved its medieval
layout with narrow streets and compact houses, which rise in steps from
the coastal lowland into the hills and give the whole area a typical Mediterranean
look. Today it is an administrative and supply centre and also an important
coastal tourist resort with hotels, restaurants and holiday houses, the
Sergej Mašera Maritime Museum and an aquarium, cultural institutions and
Izola is a coastal town with a rich fishing tradition. Most of the
tourism is concentrated on the eastern side, at the bay Simonov zaliv, where
there is a seaside resort with swimming facilities, hotels and restaurants.
On the western edge of the town is the marina of Izola.
The ancient part of the town is located on an island which was inhabited
already in the first century A.D. and later connected to the coast by a
stone bridge. It was surrounded by town walls which were demolished in the
beginning of the 19th century and the ruins were used to fill up the sea
between the island and the coast. In early 13th century Izola declared independence
and became a town with its own laws and authorities.
Portorož, a tourist town which boasts the longest tourist tradition
in Slovenia and offers comfortable hotels and modern swimming pools, restaurants
and events. It is a popular conference centre - various conference and meeting
facilities can accommodate up to 1500 visitors. Portorož has a casino, a
sport airport and marina. It is a town visited by tourists from all over
Europe and other countries as well. It is an internationally known holiday
centre and climatic health seaside resort.
In the Šavrinska Hills in the hinterland of Portorož lies a number of old
Istrian settlements (Padna, Krkavče, Koštabona, Pomjan, Gažon), and not
far from the coast there is the picturesque village Hrastovlje with its
Church of the Holy Trinity which is adorned by late gothic narrative frescoes.
Due to these Hrastovlje is considered as a real treasure of medieval frescoe
arts in Slovenia.